Basic Technique For Bulino Engraving 12
It takes little, if any, equipment to give the technique a try and practice. White plastic spoons work well as a practice material. Place a needle in a pin vise, or make a handle by sticking the back of the needle in a wood dowel. Poke dots and/or small scratches in the plastic, and rub black ink into the dots so they will show up. Scrimshaw is done the same way. Colored scrimshaw differs only in that colored inks are used. Here are some examples of dot engraving.
Basic Technique For Bulino Engraving 12
A few new things are being offered at the engraving school in 2023. Below is a list of the new offerings. Scroll on past this list for the schedule of classes. Please check the Class Descriptions page for full details of each class. Only basic descriptions are given below. Some of the classes below have special requirements or more advanced skills needed to be successful in the class. I have taken care on those classes to make sure and refer you to the class descriptions page for those details.
In this class Tira will be teaching techniques for incorporating fancy engraving designs with stone setting to create unique and beautiful visual designs in jewelry. (Please see the class description page for a full description of this class.)
Ever want to inlay iron into stainless, 10K gold into copper, or Titanium into chrome molly steel? Take this class and learn how. Ray leads students through an entirely different set of inlay techniques than those that are normally used in engraving. Traditional techniques require that the base metal bee much harder than the metal being inlaid. The techniques taught in this class totally remove that limitation.
Ray will be leading students through the process of taking a watch apart, laying it out for design, engraving the watch and putting it back together. The class will cover the tools and techniques needed for watch assembly/disassembly, fixturing the watch for engraving, and techniques for engraving the watch. (Please see the full description on the Class Description page for further details. This is a more advanced class and has some special requirements.)
The three day bulino workshop is a techniques based class. In this class I cover how to create various textures, such as animal fur, hair, fish scales, bird feathers as well as shading and techniques in the process of bulino engraving animals .
Ray will be teaching more advanced techniques in this knife engraving class. this class will incorporate sculpted engraving, Bulino engraving, and inlay in one masterpiece. A handmade Ray Cover Sr. canoe knife with solid stainless scales is included in the student kit for this class. (Please see the Class Description page for full details on this class.)
One of the most interesting techniques of modern engraving is the so-called "bulino" technique. It is believed that it appeared in the early 70s of the twentieth century. The technique refers to the chiseled engraving, in which the main role is played by the force of the engraver's hands applied to the tools. The term "bulino" comes from the name of the engraving cutting tool used in the Italian school of metal carvers. When this technique is used, the cutter has a very sharp and thin tip, and leaves a small dot when it strikes the metal. The blows are applied at different angles and with different force. The effect of an image created in this way on metal depends on the shadow play achieved by a multitude of such dots of different size and clarity. The resulting engraving is similar to an image produced with the use of a grayscale screen and is commonly referred to as a "photorealistic engraving". It has a very high definition and details often unattainable in other engraving techniques. There are three basic types of such engraving: dotted, lined and mixed, although the first two are rarely used in their pure form and "bulino" is usually mixed.
The basic set of tools necessary for an engraver to work in the technique of boulino includes: a burin (diamond-shaped cutter), a steel needle, a spittishihl (cutter for engraving the outline of a drawing), pin vise; various optical devices: a magnifying glass and a microscope; various pencils and stains (black varnishes and paints), bleachers, etc.
The "bulino" style engraving is applied primarily on the guard, steel bolsters and handle pads. It can also be found on the connecting screws or artistic pins that are mounted on the handle. Sometimes, on rare items, this type of engraving is applied directly to the blade. When sharpening such blades, one must be especially careful and protect the images with masking tape. The bulino technique is one of the most premium ways to decorate a modern knife, honoring a centuries-old tradition of metalwork.
Engraving processes: The engraving process usually starts with the creation of the design on paper. With the development of modern laser-engraving machines, this may now occur using design software on a computer. One of the original ways to start the hand-engraving process was to apply a thin layer of grease on the gun, then powder, followed scribing the design into the powder. Alternatively, the design may be drawn directly onto the metal or transferred by applying acetone to the design on paper, transferring the ink from the design onto the metal. The original hand-engraving technique, still used today, is to use a hammer and chisel or burin (hand chisel) for fine details.
Engravers using a hammer and chisel usually stand, walking around the vise holding the action/receiver as they make cuts. In contrast, when performing the bulino technique, the engraver is usually seated, and in more recent times, they may use magnifying loops or a stereomicroscope to see the fine detail as they work. Whole designs can be made using the bulino technique of making small dots, much like artwork created by just different-sized dots from an ink pen or pencil.
Newer engraving methods: Lasers and roll-cut methods are increasingly used to reduce production time (and therefore cost) for engraving on guns. Laser engraving is very precise and consistent and can produce high-quality engraving at a much lower price than hand engraving. Computer-aided design is becoming more common, as is conversion of a photograph into a design that the laser system can engrave. Roll engraving is an intermediate technique where a design is engraved on a curve plate in reverse, then the plate is rolled onto the metal and so cuts in the design. Combinations of laser etching or roll engraving and then hand finishing are also used to reduce time and therefore cost on higher-production guns.
John is very skilled at inlaying metals like gold, silver, rose gold and copper. His first job for Westley Richards, the 4-bore shotgun, involved very fine gold inlay. John uses pure gold wire as it is softer and so easier to work with and does not tarnish. He is also highly proficient in carving where metal is removed, using punches to make the design or pattern stand out. Bulino engraving, which uses dots and fine lines to create the image and shading, is another technique that he has used. John uses whatever engraving process will create the best result based on the design.
Caesar Guerini engraved guns. Caesar Guerini uses the world-famous Master Engravers at Bottega Giovanelli for their fine guns. The Master Engravers utilize several different techniques, including hand-engraving and lasers. The engraving process by Master Engravers is a highly guarded secret. CG shared that the engraving on their Revenant gun takes many hours to complete, with quite a bit of that being hand engraving. If all the engraving is done by hand, the time and cost increases five to 10 times. The engraving tolerances generated by the lasers is beyond human capabilities, and when combined with hand-engraving, it generates very high-end and beautiful engraving at a more affordable price.
Engraving is the practice of incising a design onto a hard, usually flat surface by cutting grooves into it with a burin. The result may be a decorated object in itself, as when silver, gold, steel, or glass are engraved, or may provide an intaglio printing plate, of copper or another metal, for printing images on paper as prints or illustrations; these images are also called "engravings". Engraving is one of the oldest and most important techniques in printmaking.
"Engraving" is also loosely but incorrectly used for any old black and white print; it requires a degree of expertise to distinguish engravings from prints using other techniques such as etching in particular, but also mezzotint and other techniques. Many old master prints also combine techniques on the same plate, further confusing matters. Line engraving and steel engraving cover use for reproductive prints, illustrations in books and magazines, and similar uses, mostly in the 19th century, and often not actually using engraving.Traditional engraving, by burin or with the use of machines, continues to be practised by goldsmiths, glass engravers, gunsmiths and others, while modern industrial techniques such as photoengraving and laser engraving have many important applications. Engraved gems were an important art in the ancient world, revived at the Renaissance, although the term traditionally covers relief as well as intaglio carvings, and is essentially a branch of sculpture rather than engraving, as drills were the usual tools.
Other terms often used for printed engravings are copper engraving, copper-plate engraving or line engraving. Steel engraving is the same technique, on steel or steel-faced plates, and was mostly used for banknotes, illustrations for books, magazines and reproductive prints, letterheads and similar uses from about 1790 to the early 20th century, when the technique became less popular, except for banknotes and other forms of security printing. Especially in the past, "engraving" was often used very loosely to cover several printmaking techniques, so that many so-called engravings were in fact produced by totally different techniques, such as etching or mezzotint. "Hand engraving" is a term sometimes used for engraving objects other than printing plates, to inscribe or decorate jewellery, firearms, trophies, knives and other fine metal goods. Traditional engravings in printmaking are also "hand engraved", using just the same techniques to make the lines in the plate.