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These days, the social sciences must circulate through the Islamic, African, Asian, and occidental worlds because the European discourse can no longer be seen as the universal discourse. In 1517, more than 500 years ago, the Lutheran Reformation fractured Europe. That very same year, the Spanish conquistadors took over Mexico, colonizing and christianizing it. They also introduced the way in which we write history. The conquerors were completely ignorant about the indigenous societies. However, in order to impose their laws, they had to learn about their customs and, therefore, the past of those they conquered. But, what is history and time in the mind of the indigenous peoples? Time was not yet a universal value. How could the Spaniards, formed in a Christian Europe where history was chronological and focused, understand and accept Mesoamerican cosmology? The civilized against barbarians? In a few decades, the time machine of the invadors was used to capture the memories of the Amerindian native societies in order to fabricate a past that could be linked with the ancient heritage of Christianity. The author offers an original exploration of the beginning of the colonial expansion and explains how across the territory, the religious and the indigenous peoples began to write a history of the world.


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The Internet is a popular tool for educators. Faculty members can post syllabi and other course materials on websites. They can also provide links to useful resources for students. Much of the Internet's power comes from the fact that it presents information in a variety of formats while also cataloging information in a searchable manner. Unfortunately, due to the multimedia nature of the web, combined with the poor design of some websites, many students and other web users cannot use the full range of resources this revolutionary tool provides.

For example, some visitors cannot see graphics because of visual impairments or cannot hear audio because of hearing impairments. Some users have difficulty navigating sites that are poorly organized with unclear directions because they have learning disabilities, speak English as a second language, or are younger than the average user. Other visitors use older equipment or slow connections or modems that limit access to multimedia features.

It is important to keep in mind that the people in this video might be accessing your website. To create resources that can be used by the widest spectrum of potential visitors rather than an idealized average, website designers should apply universal design principles. They should consider the special needs of individuals with disabilities, individuals older or younger than the average user, people for whom English is a second language, and those using outdated hardware and software.

Designing a product or service involves the consideration of myriad factors that include aesthetics, engineering options, environmental issues, safety concerns, and cost. One issue that designers often overlook is that of universal design.

Universal design is defined by the Center for Universal Design at North Carolina State University as "the design of products and environments to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design." At the center, a group of architects, product designers, engineers, and environmental design researchers collaborated to establish a set of principles of universal design to provide guidance in the design of environments, communications, and products.

General principles of universal design require that the design is useful and marketable to people with diverse abilities; the design accommodates a wide range of individual preferences and abilities; the design communicates necessary information effectively to the user, regardless of ambient conditions or the user's sensory abilities; the design can be used efficiently and comfortably, and with a minimum of fatigue; and appropriate size and space is provided for approach, reach, manipulation, and use regardless of user's body size, posture, or mobility.

Universal design techniques can be applied in the design of packaging, software, appliances, transportation systems, physical spaces, and many other products, services, and environments. Examples of universal design in architecture are ramps, automatic door openers, and Braille labels on elevator control buttons. Following universal design principles in creating a website provides access to all users regardless of their abilities, their disabilities, or the limitations of their equipment and software.

When universal design principles are applied to the design of webpages, people using a wide range of adaptive technology can access them. The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), an industry group founded in 1994 that develops common protocols which enhance interoperability and guide the evolution of the web, has taken a leadership role in this area. The W3C is committed to promoting the full potential of the Internet to ensure a high degree of usability by people with disabilities.

As stated by Tim Berners-Lee, W3C Director and inventor of the World Wide Web, "The power of the web is in its universality. Access by everyone regardless of disability is an essential aspect." The Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) coordinates W3C's efforts with organizations worldwide to promote accessibility. Its Web Content Accessibility Guidelines tell how to design webpages that are accessible to people with a wide variety of disabilities.

When it is not possible to use an accessible technology, an alternative version of the content should be provided. However, webpage designers should resort to separate, accessible pages only when other solutions fail. Maintaining a separate page is time consuming. Alternative pages tend to be updated less frequently than "primary" pages and, therefore, often provide outdated information to the site visitors using them.

"The DO-IT pages form a living document and are regularly updated. We strive to make them universally accessible. We minimize the use of graphics and photos, and provide descriptions of them when they are included. Video clips are open captioned, providing access to users who can't hear the audio, and audio described for those who cannot see the visual display. Suggestions for increasing the accessibility of these pages are welcome."

Test your website with as many web browsers as you can, and always test your website with at least one text-based browser, such as Lynx, and with the audio- graphics-loading of a multimedia browser turned off. This way, you will see your web resources from the perspectives of people with sensory impairments.

If universal design principles are employed in website development, other people besides individuals with disabilities will also benefit from the design. They include people working in noisy or noiseless environments; people whose hands or eyes are occupied with other activities; people for whom English is a second language; people using older, outdated equipment; and individuals using monochrome monitors.

I hope this program has given you a clear understanding of the impact that the combination of computers, adaptive technology, and electronic resources can have on the lives of people with disabilities. Faculty and administrators have a legal responsibility to ensure equitable access to resources and services. The information provided in this program should have given you tools to begin implementing universal design principles when developing and updating websites. Applying these guidelines will help level the playing field for people with disabilities.

To raise a call to the OnDisable() method: In the Play mode, select Example Cube and clear the checkbox next to the script component title. Unity unsubscribes WriteLogMessage from the RenderPipelineManager.beginCameraRendering event and stops printing the message in the Console window.

The measurement analysis sample (tcc_measurement_analysis_sample) is an example of a profiling application that can analyze data collected from real-time applications instrumented with the Measurement Library. The sample is ready to use with any instrumented application, or you can copy and modify it for your needs.

The sample is a universal instrument for measurement library data analysis, written in Python for convenience. You can use the sample as is to analyze real data from any application instrumented with the Measurement Library. It can also serve as a basis for creating your own analysis of measurement data.

The histogram represents the distribution of measured latencies through multiple bins ranging from minimum to maximum execution time. By looking at the histogram, you can see the relative frequency of measured latencies that fall into different latency ranges, and as a result decide the optimization methods to reduce the maximum latency and improve the determinism of the workload execution. As an example, for short workloads, latency outliers far outside the main peak of the distribution often mean processing of interrupts that interferes with the main flow of workload execution.

Knighton is also an award-winning instructor. He has taught and facilitated courses in public relations at BYU, Utah Valley University, The George Washington University, and Purdue University. While earning his Ph.D. at Purdue University, Knighton received the Bruce Kendall Award for Excellence in Teaching. He left full-time work in public relations because he loves working with students and wants to help them be prepared to contribute and to succeed.

SGD supports printer-direct printing to PostScript, Printer Command Language (PCL), and text-only printers attached to the user's client device. The SGD tta_print_converter script performs any conversion needed to format print jobs correctly for the client printer. To convert from Postscript to PCL, Ghostscript must be installed on the SGD server. 041b061a72


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